Is Star Wars sexist? Yes, it is.
I love the Star Wars movies, I think they’re amazing, I will watch them with my kids someday. But they are definitely sexist.
Perhaps you disagree. You might bring up Princess Leia, and argue that she’s a strong female character (which is true), and make other arguments, and then I’d counterargue, and it would turn into a big messy debate that solves nothing.
If only there was a simple, functional litmus test for deciding whether a movie is sexist or not.
Turns out, there is. It’s called the Bechdel Test.
The Bechdel Test: A movie passes the test if it meets the following criteria.
1. It contains two or more women who are named characters (i.e. not just extras)…
2. …who, at some point in the movie, talk to each other…
3. …about something other than a man.
In the entire original Star Wars trilogy – over six hours of film – there is not a single scene which passes the test.
Now try the Reverse Bechdel Test, looking for scenes with major male characters talking about non-female things. It’s easy. Pick almost any scene in the trilogy. Just off the top of my head:
- The “Luke, I am your father” scene
- The Obi-Wan vs. Vader duel
- Han bragging about the Kessel Run
- The “I find your lack of faith disturbing” scene
- The “I am a Jedi, like my father” scene
To be clear: I’m not saying that Star Wars is anti-woman, or that George Lucas is a misogynist pig.
What I’m saying is that Star Wars has a massive, systemic, blatant bias toward men and against women, and that this same sexism is so universal in our society that few people even notice it.
The problem isn’t hatred. It’s blindness. If a movie is mostly about women, it’s a “women’s movie”; if a movie is mostly about men, it’s a “movie.”
And Star Wars is hardly alone. Other movies that fail the Bechdel Test include:
- The entire Lord of the Rings trilogy
- The Avengers
- The Spider-Man movies
- Blade Runner
- The Godfather
If you’re curious, there’s even a website that classifies movies: BechdelTest.com. Yes, the site exists to make a point, so it’s likely somewhat biased too, but it’s very enlightening to browse there a bit. An enormous number of films fail. And even the ones that “pass” (like the Matrix movies and The Phantom Menace) often do so only on a technicality, or because of a single scene.
In fact, for you Trekkies out there, try this experiment. Can you think of a single episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation that passes the Bechdel Test? I can’t – and although a few probably do exist, I’d wager the ratio is something like 100:1, against. (Deep Space Nine and Voyager fare a little better on account of Kira and Dax, Janeway and B’Elanna.)
Granted, there are a few cases where a movie could fail the Bechdel Test and not be sexist. If your film takes place exclusively on the battlefields of the Civil War, there won’t be a lot of ladies. That’s simple history, and that’s legit. You could come up with other “acceptable failures” too. But such exemptions are rare.
So the next time somebody tells you that sexism is dead, or that feminism is obsolete, try doing a Bechdel experiment of your own on the next movie or show you watch, or book you read.
Or better yet: ask yourself, if you were directing a movie (or writing a book), would your own work pass the test? When I examine my own most recent novel, it isn’t easy to find such a scene. I spent a few minutes looking just now, and came up empty. Even if I do find one eventually, the scarcity is telling.
I think even Alison Bechdel wouldn’t claim that the test is a litmus test for sexism in movies (it would be very easy to make a movie that passed the test but was sexist as hell, for example), but I think it’s still a very important thing to think about, because the test (and how many movies fail it) just show how male-oriented the vast majority of movies are. And as you say, the most striking thing is really how many movies that do pass squeak by because of one (often very short) conversation.
I’ve written about this twice on my blog, by the way:
Good point. A work that passes the Bechdel Test isn’t necessarily safe. I forgot to mention that.
TNG passes that test 1000 times over. Between Troi, Crusher, Guinan, Ensign Ro and a million guest stars they’re home free. Troi may not have been an Action Woman, but she was the ship’s counselor – that involves a lot of conversations that are not about boys. You should probably have picked a show you remembered a little better – your TNG memories are clearly fuzzy at best. Come on.
Of course TNG has a handful of prominent female characters, and of course there are some scenes that pass the Bechdel Test. The point is that the woman-to-woman non-male talks are vastly outnumbered by the man-to-man non-female talks. Count up the number of onscreen Troi counseling sessions, and subtract the ones that are with men or about men. I think the remaining number will be pretty low.
The whole trilogy is a war, of good against evil. Thats why there aren’t any women.
…because wars don’t involve or affect women, who quietly demur and let the menfolk take care of it while we all go out to our beach houses and let wars and similar battles of good and evil be conducted in woman-free zones. Gotcha. Point taken.
Dude. You need to get a real life.
You have wasted so much time! Please tell me you didn’t pay for your education!!?? Oh no no no no!
So according to the The Bechdel Test Shawshank Redemption is a sexist movie. So many morons in one place.
I can’t believe the number of above males that take this nonsense seriously. Just waiting Pajama Boy to make it complete.
Movies are the 7th art. Art should not be jeopardised by any rule. Otherwise you are making commercials (some of them could be Art, too, but from a different point of view). Kisses.
coming in from a website, that was giving pertinent examples of cultural Marxism. they got this one right for sure.
When men play basketball, it’s basketball
When women play basketball, it’s women’s basketball.
That’s so horrible, considering that basketball was invented as a sport for women, only much later adopted as something also suitable for men to play, and strangest of all, the “just” basketball version was able to take all of that popularity the game originally enjoyed amongst female and male fans and divert their allegiance, not just the men’s. to the upstart version for guys.
How dare that center on the pursuits of men in crime, when we all know that the real rulers behind the cosa nostra were the women, only fronting their men, and the hitters really were women until they got written out of history.
(Irene Walker anyone…).
But the answer is so simple:
If Hollywood, and the publishing industry too (after all a lot of this is about books that were the inspiration, if not the basis, for these movies),hadn’t rejected all those women-penned novels and movie scripts, which feature main characters that have the same sex as the authors, we wouldn’t be inundated with just male leads.
How could Tolkien make most of his important characters male, when history demonstrates that quests/treks/explorations were mostly undertaken by women, not men?
Pure egocentrism on his part based on his own sex.
What a waste of time. Nice way to use a college degree, great return on investment. And oh so employable in the real world outside of government or hectoring professional finger waggers
Get. A Fucking. Life.
The Bechdel Test is not intended to determine whether an individual movie is sexist. As someone mentioned above, “The Shawshank Redemption” fails the Bechdel Test, but it’s quite clearly not a sexist movie.
The relationships between Han/Leia and Anakin/Padme reek of rape culture. I’m watching Empire right now and am mildly disturbed that I never noticed what a horrible person Han is before.